Is the law of the Old Testament the law of Moses, and thus limited to the Old Testament era? Or could this law be binding throughout every generation, as the Scriptures do say? We are going to look to the Word of God and receive a simple and straight answer from Him.
AND THIS IS THE LAW WHICH MOSES SET BEFORE THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL… DEUTERONOMY 4:44
AND HE WROTE THERE UPON THE STONES A COPY OF THE LAW OF MOSES, WHICH HE WROTE IN THE PRESENCE OF THE CHILDREN OF ISRAEL. JOSHUA 8:32
REMEMBER YE THE LAW OF MOSES MY SERVANT, WHICH I COMMANDED UNTO HIM IN HOREB FOR ALL ISRAEL, WITH THE STATUTES AND JUDGMENTS. MALACHI 4:4
Above are some verses which, if used alone and without the context of the whole Bible, could be used to prove the point of the law belonging to Moses. However, this position quickly falls through when you take into consideration that the living God gave His law to Moses with instructions to turn around and deliver the same to the children of Israel.
AND THE LORD SAID UNTO MOSES, COME UP TO ME INTO THE MOUNT, AND BE THERE: AND I WILL GIVE THEE TABLES OF STONE, AND A LAW, AND COMMANDMENTS WHICH I HAVE WRITTEN; THAT THOU MAYEST TEACH THEM. EXODUS 24:12
To quickly sum up the role in which Moses played regarding the giving of the torah, he was merely directed of God to deliver it to the children of Israel. The law was not his own nor did he have any part in it's design. Moses was a servant of Yah at that time, just as you and I are Yah's servants now.
After speaking the law to the Israelites, God told them about an Angel whom He would send to help them keep His ways and to bring them to the place of promise. This Angel would have the Father’s same name—character and authority (see Strong’s numbers H8034 and G3686)—in Him. There is only One to whom the Father has given all (see John 3:35 & John 17:2), and that is the Messiah Himself. He even reveals that He is indeed the bearer of His Father's name in John chapter 17 (see above verse).
THINK NOT THAT I AM COME TO DESTROY THE LAW, OR THE PROPHETS: I AM NOT COME TO DESTROY, BUT TO FULFIL. … WHOSOEVER THEREFORE SHALL BREAK ONE OF THESE LEAST COMMANDMENTS, AND SHALL TEACH MEN SO, HE SHALL BE CALLED THE LEAST IN THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN: BUT WHOSOEVER SHALL DO AND TEACH THEM, THE SAME SHALL BE CALLED GREAT IN THE KINGDOM OF HEAVEN. MATTHEW 5:17, 19
Not to destroy, but to fulfill. Is Christ telling us that the law is still beautiful but it is already done for us, hence the word, ‘fulfill’? On the contrary, ‘fulfill’ has a drastically different original meaning than what the English word implies. Strong's concordance refers us to the Hebrew meaning, and shows that Christ came to fully preach the law of God (see Strong's number G4137)—basically, to bring it to a realization that had scarcely been grasped before. This means that Christ Himself showed the law of God to be all the more valid by declaring His work of bringing it home to us more fully. Clearly, He did not do away with the law, rather, He established the law. (Romans 3:31)
…I THE LORD THY GOD AM A JEALOUS GOD, VISITING THE INIQUITY OF THE FATHERS UPON THE CHILDREN UNTO THE THIRD AND FOURTH GENERATION OF THEM THAT HATE ME, AND SHEWING MERCY UNTO THOUSANDS OF THEM THAT LOVE ME AND KEEP MY COMMANDMENTS. EXODUS 20:5-6
KNOW THEREFORE THAT THE LORD THY GOD, HE IS GOD, THE FAITHFUL GOD, WHICH KEEPETH COVENANT AND MERCY WITH THEM THAT LOVE HIM AND KEEP HIS COMMANDMENTS TO A THOUSAND GENERATIONS. DEUTERONOMY 7:9
IF YE LOVE ME, KEEP MY COMMANDMENTS. JOHN 14:15
We can see that the Scriptures record a repetition of loving our Lord and keeping His commandments. It becomes only more beautiful when Christ Himself speaks the exact same words in John chapter 14, revealing who’s commandments we were instructed to keep throughout the whole of Scripture: our Messiah’s. Christ is the sweet authority to whom we are to obey in the commandments—or, the law—given to Israel of old.